Korkeasaari Zoo, or Korkeasaari for short, is one of the world’s oldest zoos, having opened in 1889. Korkeasaari is home to animals ranging from the tundra to tropical rainforests. The island is home to more than 150 different animal species, as well as nearly a thousand different plant varieties.
The zoo was established near the end of the nineteenth century on the rocky island of Korkeasaari. The zoo’s mission was to provide an enjoyable pastime while also educating and informing those who visited.
Korkeasaari Zoo construction began in the early 1890s, when the island was leased to the Helsinki Brewing Company. First, other structures on the island were constructed, such as Restaurant Pukki, which is still in operation today and was opened in 1884.
On the island, a decorative waiting room for ship passengers and a gardener’s apartment were completed in the years that followed. Additionally, a separate greenhouse and stone exhibition were built on the island for educational purposes. In those days, the island also had a bowling alley.
Initially, the establishment of a zoo was considered in Alppila, Helsinki, where a park area known as the Zoo is now located. The Alppila zoo project, however, was rejected by the Helsinki City Council, and the zoo was built in its original location in Korkeasaari.
The first animals to live in Korkeasaari were two bears named Misha and Masha, who were given to the zoo a year before it opened.
Animals received as donations played an important role in the early days of Korkeasaari, as animals were caught and sold for much more than they are now.
Finke, a young polar bear who arrived in Korkeasaari in 1890, was one of the first significant animal inhabitants. The following year, a separate polar bear castle was built on Korkeasaari’s west shore. In the years that followed, stone bear castles were also completed.
The Korkeasaari Zoo’s mission was to focus specifically on animal species from the Northern Hemisphere, but they were also willing to accept tropical animals if space was available. Monkeys and parrots brought aboard ships were common donations in the zoo’s early years.
Donations were not limited to animals; for example, Restaurant Pukki got its worthy symbol from a bronze statue of a goat acquired from the Paris World Exhibition the same year the zoo opened.
After the prohibition law went into effect in 1919, Helsinki Anniskeluyhtiö was forced to relinquish ownership of Korkeasaari. Following that, the zoo was taken over by the city of Helsinki, and the area became solely dedicated to zoo operations.
Several well-known buildings and areas arose in the area over the following years and decades: the current Monkey Castle, which was originally built for lions; the Bear Castle, completed in 1952 and still in use; and the Cat Valley, which opened in the 1960s to commemorate the sanctuary’s 75th anniversary.
In addition to its expansion, Korkeasaari earned a reputation as a snow leopard breeder back then. The birth of a snow leopard litter and the survival of the cubs were extremely rare at the time.
When a bridge connecting Korkeasaari and Mustikkamaa was built in 1974, it became possible to keep the zoo open all year.
Kissalaakso was renovated and the Amazonia and Borelia houses were finished in the decade that followed. In the 1980s, the last polar bears on Korkeasaari died. At least for the time being.
Korkeasaari Zoo’s management structure shifted from a City of Helsinki office to a public benefit foundation at the start of 2018. Korkeasaari was able to participate in international cooperation and species protection significantly more extensively as a foundation.
The Korkeasaari Zoo Foundation is a non profitable foundation, and the City of Helsinki continues to fund Korkeasaari’s operations.
Korkeasaari is home to over 150 animal species and approximately 1,500 individual animals. Although the zoo was originally intended to focus on animals from the northern hemisphere, there has been a significant shift in this regard. Animals from the arctic regions to tropical rainforests can be found in Korkeasaari.
Korkeasaari, of course, has several animal houses and areas dedicated to various climates and environmental types.
The big cats can still be found in the aforementioned Cat Valley, which was completed in 1964. Korkeasaari’s lions were originally housed in the Lion Castle, which was built in 1936 and has since been renovated and renamed the Monkey Castle.
The Borelia house, built in 1995, is a haven for birds and small mammals.
Korkeasaari’s more tropical species, on the other hand, would be more at home in the Amazonia house, which is home to lizards, snakes, turtles, spiders, insects, fish, frogs, small monkeys, and parrots.
Weather permitting, the public can view the birds and monkeys in separate outdoor gardens.
Africasia, a habitat for African and Asian animals, opened in the summer of 2002. It was built after the then-Finnish President, Martti Ahtisaari, visited South Africa’s national zoo and received both animals and plants as a donation. Africasia is home to pygmy mongooses, reptiles, frogs, insects, spiders, and birds. All of the species are native to African savannas and Asian rainforests.
The Hämärätalo, Korkeasaari’s newest animal house, opened in 2016 and is dedicated to twilight-active species. Domestic animal species, such as forest deer and wolverine, are on display in the Korpi area, which was completed in 2017.
At the time Korkeasaari was founded, the island could only be reached by steamboat. However, transport connections have diversified significantly, and today you can easily get to the island both with your own means of transport and with the help of public transport.
By metro to Kalasatama: From Kalasatama metro station, Korkeasaari is about a kilometer’s walk. The green concrete turtles serve as Korkeasaari’s guideposts, leading to the zoo via Isoisänsilta.
By bus, 16 from Rautatientori: Bus 16 from Rautatientori (departs from platform 17) usually runs every 20 minutes to the Korkeasaari ticket office. The bus can be crowded during busier times.
By bus 50 or 59 from Pasila train station: Buses 50 from Maunula and 59 from Pajamäki run through Pasila train station to Kalasatama Koksikatu terminus, from where it is about a kilometer long walk over Isoisänsilla to Mustikkamaa’s ticket office. When going in the opposite direction, the closest departure point is the Polarissenkatu stop, which is closer to Isoisänsilta.
By water bus: The water bus to Korkeasaari runs from Kauppatori daily from the beginning of June to the end of August. The water bus also operates on weekends during May and September. The trip to Korkeasaari takes about 20 minutes, and the water bus runs in both directions once an hour. The departure from Kauppatori takes place on the same side, and the return journey from Korkeasaari starts on the other side. Water buses are accessible and operated by JT-Line.
You can buy both individual admission tickets and annual passes to Korkeasaari, which are on sale all year round both at the on-site ticket office and in the online store.
Advance tickets purchased from the online store are valid for three months (90 days) from the date of purchase. You can also buy entrance tickets as a gift at Mustikkamaa’s ticket office. Tickets bought as a gift are valid until the end of that year. You can also buy an annual card as a gift if you wish.
Ticket prices in 2022:
In the ticket prices, the first mentioned is the ticket purchased in advance from the online store, the second is the ticket purchased at the ticket office, and the third is the evening ticket sold after 4 p.m.
The zoo is open every day of the year and, as a rule, the zoo always opens at ten o’clock and closes between 4 and 8 p.m.
During the summer months (June-August), Korkeasaari is open until 8 pm. In May and September, the zoo is open until 6 p.m. and in other months, as a rule, until 4 p.m.
In terms of opening hours, however, different public holidays must be taken into account, during which times exceptional opening hours are often observed. You can find detailed information about opening hours on Korkeasaari’s website.
In addition to zoo operations, Korkeasaari plays an important role in international animal protection work. You can learn more about matters related to conservation work on Korkeasaari’s own website.
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Sources: Korkeasaari Zoo website
Main Article: Annika Sorjonen, Korkeasaari Zoo